Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children or young adults, although it can occur at any age. Roughly 3% of children and adolescents have diabetes.
The onset of type 1 diabetes is often sudden and can include the following symptoms:
- Abnormal thirst and a dry mouth
- Frequent urination
- Extreme tiredness/lack of energy
- Sudden weight loss
- Slow-healing wounds
- Recurrent infections
- Blurred vision
Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body’s immune system destroys the beta cells found in the pancreas—the cells that create insulin. As a result, the body makes very little or no insulin of its own.
A person with type 1 diabetes supplies their body with insulin in one of the following ways:
- Insulin pen
- Injections with a syringe
Insulin therapy along with following a healthy meal-plan, regular physical activity and frequently blood sugar testing are important in management of type 1 diabetes.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National diabetes fact sheet, 2007. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/pdf/ndfs_2007.pdf. Accessed October 16, 2008.